The Japanese system, officially known as the « system of consultation and mutual agreement » (協議-制度, kyogi-goi seido), advocates for the prosecution of organized crime, violations of competition law and economic crimes such as securities law violations. The prosecutor, the accused and the defence counsel each sign a written agreement that must be immediately admitted into evidence in a public court.  The Supreme Court of Canada has just answered this question with its decision in The Queen v. Matthew John Anthony-Cook. In Anthony-Cook, the accused had pleaded guilty to manslaughter. The accused struck the victim, who fell awkwardly and fractured his skull on the sidewalk. The victim died of this wound. The defence and Crown had jointly recommended an additional 18 months in prison (after reviewing the accused`s pre-trial detention) and agreed that no parole would be followed by the prison sentence. The criminal judge « jumped » the joint proposal and decided that the jointly proposed sentence was inadequate or appropriate and gave the accused an additional two years in prison and three years suspended. A plea, also known as a plea or reason for negotiation, is an alternative and consensual method of resolving criminal proceedings.
A plea agreement means the resolution of a dispute without trial, where the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for a lesser charge, a lighter sentence or the dismissal of certain related charges. (Article 209 of Georgia`s Code of Criminal Procedure) If the court is satisfied that the defendant fully acknowledges the consequences of the defence agreement and that he or she has been represented by the Defence Council, his will is expressed in full compliance with the legal requirements without deception or coercion, even if there is sufficient evidence of doubt as to the conviction and the agreement on a lawful sentence is found – the court approves the pleadings and renders a verdict guilty. If one of the above conditions is not met, the Tribunal rejects the authorization of the plea and refers the matter to the prosecutor. (Article 213 of Georgia`s Code of Criminal Procedure). Like other common law jurisdictions, the Crown may agree to withdraw certain charges against the accused in exchange for a guilty plea. It has become a standard procedure for certain offences such as obstruction of driving. In the case of hybrid offences, the Crown must make a binding decision as to whether to proceed summarily or by charge before the accused makes his or her plea.