The war in northwestern India, or Little Turtle`s War, resulted from conflicts between the United States and the Western Confederation over the occupation of the northwest territory. In the 1780s and 1790s, British agents in the region continued to sell arms and ammunition to American Indians and to encourage attacks against European American invaders. The intruders returned the favor with such violent attacks on American Indians. In response to this escalation, President Washington and Minister of War Henry Knox ordered General Josiah Harmar to launch a major Western offensive on Shawnee and Miami from October 1790. After initial losses by Colonel Hardin and Major General St Clair, Washington ordered General Anthony Wayne to form a well-trained force and subjugate American forces. After a long training, Wayne`s troops advanced into the area and built the recovery at the site of the defeat of St. Clairs. Wayne`s legion moved deeper into the territory of Wabash Confederacy and defeated the last of the American Indians to brigé in August 1794 in the Battle of the Timber Traps. The « Citizen Genét Affair » refers to an event from 1793 to 1794, when a French minister, Edmond-Charles Geneva, was sent to the United States by the French National Assembly to obtain American support for France`s wars with Spain and Great Britain. The Ohio region was subjected to overlapping and contradictory claims by the states of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York and Virginia, which had little regard for the many Native American tribes that already occupied the country. While the British had suffered a heavy defeat at the Battle of Yorktown (1781), the Native American tribes of the Old Northwest were not parties to the Treaty of Paris, and many leaders, particularly Little Turtle and Blue Jacket, refused to recognize the United States` claims to the territory northwest of the Ohio River. The British remained in possession of their Great Lakes fortresses, which continued to supply commercial goods and weapons to The American Indian allies in exchange for furs. The purpose of Jay`s Treaty, ratified on February 29, 1796, was to defuse post-war tensions between Britain and the United States.
It was an agreement attributed to the prevention of war, the resolution of the unresolved problems of the Treaty of Paris of 1783 and the facilitation of ten years of relatively peaceful trade between the United States and Great Britain in the midst of the French revolutionary wars. The Citizen Genét case prompted Britain to order its naval commanders in western India to seize all ships that trade with the French. The British conquered hundreds of American ships and their cargoes, increasing the possibility of war between the United States and Great Britain. In this tense situation, Britain worked to avoid a major conflict by ending its seizure of American ships and offering to pay for captured cargoes. Hamilton saw a chance and recommended to President Washington that the United States negotiate. John Jay was sent to the United Kingdom, with instructions from Hamilton, to obtain compensation for captured American ships; to ensure that the British left the north-west outposts they still occupied (despite the provisions of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, which recognized this as American territory); and get an agreement for U.S. trade in the West Indies.