« This is a historic day for the Métis Nation of Alberta. Since 1928, our people have fought with passion and determination for this recognition as the government of the Métis nation in Alberta. A real relationship between government and government with Canada begins today, based on reconciliation and recognition of our place in Confederation. President Audrey PoitrasMétis Nation of Alberta To learn more about each agreement, including the full text of the agreement and summaries, see this map (PDF version: 739 kb, 1 page). Use the name of the indigenous group, the name of the contract or another term as a « keyword » password, then click on the title Contracts and Agreements above the search area to find the corresponding records. The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples released its final report in 1996, which recommended that Aboriginal governments be recognized as the third order of government in Canada (alongside the federal government and the provinces) and that Aboriginal peoples be given special representation in Parliament.  First Nations were self-administered long before Europeans arrived in Canada. In 1876, the Indian Act dismantled traditional systems of government and imposed strict rules for the lives of indigenous peoples. Section 35 of the Constitution Act 1982 recognizes that Aboriginal peoples have an inherent right to autonomy, protected by the Constitution – a right to run their own affairs. The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, founded in 1991, reported to the federal government in 1996 and proposed solutions for a new and better relationship between Aboriginal peoples and the Canadian government. Among these solutions, the Commission requested that « existing Aboriginal and contractual rights, » recognized and reaffirmed in Section 35 of the Canadian Constitution, contain an inherent right to autonomy. The Anishinabek Education Agreement is another model of self-management.
This happened in 2017 and was the first case of an Aboriginal autonomy agreement on education in Ontario. In 2017, it was also the largest number of First Nations included in a self-administration agreement on education in Canada. The proposed goal of the agreement was to promote « academic excellence » and push the boundaries of the Indian Act by developing authority over the formation of their community.  Aboriginal peoples practiced their own forms of government for thousands of years before the arrival of European and other settlers in today`s Canada.