Novations can also occur in the real estate sector, where a tenant passes on the rental period of a property to third parties. The tenant enters into the leaseLeaseA-leasing is a tacit or written agreement that defines the conditions under which a landlord agrees to rent a property that must be used by a tenant. The other party, which ultimately transfers responsibility for the payment of the lease, repairs of property damage and other obligations stipulated in the original lease. The parties can maintain the original lease or negotiate the terms of the contract until a consensus is reached. Where there is an agreement between three parties on the transfer of contractual rights from an initial party to a new party, this is referred to as innovation. During the innovation process, contractual responsibilities and rights are transferred to third parties. This difference is different from that of the assignment, which confers only rights. Novation occurs when A and B are parties to an agreement and B « transfers » to C the obligations and rights arising from the agreement, so that C can be characterized as « not in the shoes » of B, with the entry into force of a contractual relationship between A and C. Novation refers to the process of replacing the original contract with a replacement contract if the original party agrees to waive the rights conferred on it by the initial contract.
In most innovation contracts, the parties agree to remove the original contract and replace it with a brand new contract. Novation is also used in futures and options trading to describe a particular situation in which the central clearing house between buyers and sellers presents itself as a legal counterpart, i.e. the clearing house becomes a buyer for each seller and vice versa. The result is the need to determine the creditworthiness of each counterparty and the only credit risk to which participants are exposed is the risk of default by the clearing house. In this context, innovation is seen as a form of risk management. Unlike an order that is universally valid as long as the other party is terminated (unless the obligation is specific to the debtor, as in a personal service contract with a certain ballet dancer, or if the assignment would involve a new and particular burden for the counterparty), an innovation is valid only with the agreement of all parties to the original agreement.  A contract transferred through the innovation procedure transfers all obligations and obligations from the original debtor to the new debtor.