What Was The Goal Of The Chinese Exclusion Act Of 1882 And The Gentlemen`s Agreement Of 1907

Japan, in particular, has been targeted by sugar cane plantation owners in Hawaii as the next best potential source of labor. Unfortunately, as more and more Japanese came to the United States, anti-Chinese sentiments were re-articulated as anti-Japanese racism by many of the same forces responsible for the early anti-China agitations. (See Anti-Japanese Movement.) However, due to Japan`s growing international prestige and in recognition of its growing military power, U.S. officials have been reluctant to openly discriminate against Japanese immigrants. Therefore, Japanese immigration policies such as the Gentlemen`s Agreement of 1907 and the Johnson-Reed Act of 1924 were not specifically or exclusively distinguished. [10] Moreover, officials who were quick to castigate the Chinese as racially inferior and unassimilable often stopped to harass the Japanese with the same charges. Instead, the Japanese have been primarily racialized like the latter, as culturally too diverse to become full members of American society. [11] This racialization proved innumerable during the Second World War. Issei and Nisei have been portrayed by the mass media as foreign and monolithic to the same extent, rationalizing the imprisonment of all people of Japanese descent as an act of « military necessity. » [12] After the law was passed, most Chinese workers faced a dilemma: stay alone in the United States or return to China to reunite with their families. [15] Although the widespread aversion to the Chinese continued even after the law itself was passed, it should be noted that some capitalists and entrepreneurs resisted their exclusion because they accepted lower wages. [16] Further disagreements over the motives could also be attributed to the fact that the bodies of the Chinese miners were only found downstream after two weeks. It is unclear whether the mutilated bodies found are due to manslaughter or the consequences of throwing them into turbulent waters.

The rapids and brute force of the current could have mutilated the bodies against the rocks. However, it is confirmed that the Chinese men were shot because of the gunshot wounds on the bodies. Only ten bodies were identified on February 16, 1888: Chea-po, Chea-Sun, Chea-Yow, Chea-Shun, Chea Cheong, Chea Ling, Chea Chow, Chea Lin Chung, Kong Mun Kow and Kong Ngan. Little is known about these identified men. [34] The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, which suspended the immigration of Chinese workers to the United States for ten years, had the immediate effect of stimulating the influx of immigrant workers from Japan into America. The law, which was to be extended by ten years in 1892 and made permanent in 1902, remained in force until it was repealed in 1943. In response to the need for Japanese labor in the United States and economic pressures in Japanese society, the Japanese government law of 1885 allowed nationals to emigrate as workers for the first time. In 1894, a treaty was negotiated between the Japanese and U.S. governments that allowed citizens of both countries to freely enter each other, although both governments had the power to protect national interests by enacting laws against excessive immigration of workers. [6] Despite these laws and court orders, the Japanese-American population continued to grow and Japanese immigrants continued to receive property. U.S. laws stipulated that all children born on U.S.

soil, regardless of their parents` affiliation, automatically became U.S. citizens. The Japanese who want to own land simply put the title in the name of their children born in the United States. Single people without children were sent to Japan to make « wives » and raised children who could be landowners. .